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Emergency Aid - assessing the situation

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Instructions for how to train explorers in primary survey and adapting their actions and decision-making processes to their surroundings


Emergency Shelters
Maps/Compasses/Route Cards
old shirts
a selection of pioneering staves


+ Begin the activity by discussing the different locations in which an accident might occur and how they affect an emergency situation. Talk about weather and
temperature and the effect that they can have mention which emergency services should be called for differnt kinds of emergency.

+ Show a different range of areas on maps and discuss how an emergency should be dealt with in these different areas
- towns/cities
- agricultural land
- coastal areas
- access land

+ Show a range of different ways of making makeshift stretchers (from pioneering staves, old shirts, rope etc.) and how to safely carry a casualty without a

+ Teach the primary survey using DRSABC

- Danger- Check for danger around you. Do you know what caused the casualty?
- Response- Is the Casualty unresponsive? Shake both shoulders of the casualty gently and call their name.
- Send- Send someone to call for help or if noone is available do it now. Call 999 for the UK or 112 for anywhere in the EU.
- Airway- Open the airway.
- Breathing- By putting your cheek just above the casualty's mouth and while continuing to hold the airway open look down the casualty's body and see if you
can see the chest rising and falling and feel the casualty's breath on your cheek.
- Circulation- If able to do do check for the patient's pulse, otherwise check for major injury.

+ If the casualty was breathing in step b or had a pulse in step c move to the recovery position. If the casualty was not breathing and you did not notice a pulse
move to CPR.


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