Aim: To look at the concept of First aid and encourage young children to think about first aid and develop confidence in responding to accidents, Taken from the BB Anchors Pro Pack C-2-8
First Aid Box
first aid information
some random objects — pencil sharpener, crisps, rubber duck, elastic bands, candle,
• Bandages and dressings
• Accidents Scenario template
Activity 1 - First Aid Box
Aim: To put together a first aid box for the group.
Have a cardboard box ready with all of your items.
• Have the children sit in a circle with you in the middle with the box.
• Take out the first aid box — empty.
• Then have a discussion about what a first aid box is for and who uses it.
• Let the children have a good opportunity to think about it and then say we are now going to fill up our box.
• Have each child come up to the front individually to take an item out of a cardboard box.
• They must hold it up for everyone to see and as a group they must decide what belongs in the box and what doesn’t.
• Discuss why things don’t belong and say you will explain the items that do belong later.
• Once everything has been seen — have another look through the items kept for the box — weed out any that don’t belong.
• Then pick up each item and explain what it is for and why it needs to be in the box.
• Ask for help from the group so that the session stays interactive,
• Once all the items are in your first aid kit, show the children where it is kept and say this is for the leaders to use if it is needed.
• Have a short discussion on what reasons the children think we may need to use first aid.
Let the children do most of the talking — just pinpoint main ideas and encourage them to get involved in the discussion.
Activity 2 - What To Do In An Emergency "Quiz"
Aim: To allow the children to chat and discuss first aid and ambulance services whilst they do the quiz.
• Place the children in teams.
• Ask the questions listed below orally.
• Children discuss the questions in their teams and write down A, B or C.
• You could discuss the questions and answers given, with children in the end.
What to do In an emergency Quiz
1. In which of these situations should you dial 999?
a) Someone has a bad cough
b) Someone is bleeding very badly
c) Someone can’t stop sneezing
2. Which of these is an emergency?
a) Someone feels sick
b) Someone is crying
c) Someone is seriously hurt
3. When helping someone who is hurt what must you always do?
a) Tell a friend
b) Give the person a drink
c) Keep yourself safe
4. If calling 999, what will you be asked?
a) Where you are calling from
b) The name of your school
c) What the weather is like
5. Who answers a 999 call?
a) A doctor
b) A nurse
c) An operator
6. How old must you be to call 999
c) Any age
7. Who can give First Aid?
a) Only ambulance staff
b) Doctors and nurses
8. As well as an ambulance, for what other services would you call 999?
For questions let the children write down the answers. They may know Fire Brigade and Police. The number is also used for Coastguard Service and Mountain Rescue.
Activity 3 - Bandages
Aim: First aid should not be turned into a game, but at this age you also don't want to be too serious. A good way to get the children involved is to give the children an idea of bandaging and make it a fun exercise.
Have the Accidents scenario sheet cut up - one for each child and have enough bandages and dressings for one per child or pair. You can keep them and use them again.
• Show children how to bandage and tell them the main reasons that we need to bandage people when they have hurt themselves.
• Explain that there are two reasons for bandaging. The first is if someone is bleeding, if you are bleeding we need to put some pressure on the wound and then bandage the gauze on to keep the pressure on. Get a child to be your dummy and show how you put pressure on using the bandage. We also need to raise the part of the body that is bleeding. Head or hands are good for this example. Secondly (use another volunteer) if you have hurt your hand or ankle we need to bandage the area to stop the swelling. So we start at the base of the lingers and then make a figure of eight until we have used the entire bandage and we finish the bandage off half way between the wrist and the elbow. Don’t bandage too tightly or you will cut off the other person’s circulation — that means that no blood will be able to get to your hand!! That is not s a good thing. So not too tight and not too loose.
• Does anyone have any questions? Answer as best you can. Now we are all going to have a go at bandaging someone else. So we need to get into pairs ( you may wish to buddy the children up so that no one is left out).
• Hand each child an accident scenario and get Child A to read out their accident to their partner. Their partner must then get a bandage and do their best to bandage the injury. Once they have finished get all the children to line up and have the group try to guess what the accident was.
• Then they swap around the scenarios and the other child has a turn.
• At the end take any questions and make sure that all the children are happy.
Extension Tasks/ Adaptations:
You could ask the local St John’s ambulance or a parent who is a doctor or nurse into run this session for you.
He heals the broken hearted and binds up their wounds.
Teach about God being like a doctor for us — He knows our troubles and what hurts us and he can help us.
For full details see the BB Anchors Pro Pack C2-8