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R7 Survivor

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Aim: To survive in the outdoors with minimal equipment and aid. Taken from the BB Seniors Challenge Plus Pro Pack, Recreation project R-7


Taster 1
• Carving knife or pen knife
• Spoon scoop
• Sandpaper
• Saw
• Wood

Taster 2
• Matches
• Wood

Taster 3
• Skewers
• Brush
• Silver foil
• Kebab sticks
• 3 cups of flour
• Water
• Corn on the cub
• Mushrooms
• Olive oil
• Garlic
• Marshmallows
• Horse chestnuts
• Baking potatoes
• Onions
• Dill
• Parsley
• Bacon bits
• Aluminium foil
• Lemon
• Potatoes
• Carrots
• Tomatoes
• Peppers
• Green beans
• Salt
• Pepper
• Cayenne
• Cups
• Mixing bowls
• Sharp knife
• Plate
• Knife
• Fork
• Spoon

Christian Faith
Slum Survivor Pack

Expedition equipment


Taster 1 - Tool Time

Aim: To teach the safe use of tools

Wood carving is a form of working wood using a cutting tool held in the hand. A simple and useful wood carving project is creating a wooden spoon:

• Find an appropriate piece of wood; these could include hazel, birch, pine, or poplar (20cm x 10cm x 4cm). To pick out wood for carving, there are a few things to look for. You want a straight grain and very little change in colour, since changes in colour indicate changes in hardness. The grain of wood is the pattern created by its fibres. You can test hardness by pressing on the wood with your thumbnail. You can get wood from your local timber yard or D.l.Y. store, but craft wood might be easier to find at a craft store or through mail-order sources. You can also ask your local timber yard if they have a scrap bin. Sometimes you can find some wood suitable for carving in the scrap bin and best of all, it’s usually free!

• Use a pencil to draw the outline pattern of a spoon on the piece of wood. If needed, use an existing spoon as a pattern.

• Use a saw if you have one to cut out the basic pattern approximately 2 cm from the edges.

• Hold the wood in one hand and carefully begin removing the excess wood from your pattern with the carving knife. Whittle away at the wood until it takes on the shape of a spoon.

• By now your spoon is really beginning to take shape, but it lacks the bowl dug out. Draw a pencil line around the outside edge of the bowl, then about a 1mm in toward the canter of the bowl, outline it again. That is the bowl edge and you carve inside the second outline.

• Now it’s time to begin the fun part of making a wooden spoon: Carving the bowl. There are number of ways you can approach this task and no one of them is the "right” way it’s personal preference. Go to the dead centre of the bowl and start carving it out from there. Others like to start working the edges and move into the centre. Try both and see which method fits you best. Give the spoon scoop a little walking” motion when taking out some wood and make sure you take tiny pieces out at first, until you get a good feel for how the spoon scoop works. Remember to keep the carving motion away from you If you are hanging on to the spoon by the top of the handle and digging out towards your hand you might get into “flesh carving and that hurts’ The thing you want to do is make sure the thickness of the bowl is the same on the bottom as it is on the sides. A set of callipers can help you figure this out to the millimetre. When it feels close enough, it’s done.

• Use the sandpaper to rub the carved spoon smooth. By using a twisting motion on the handle you can round out the edges.

• Wash your spoon to remove any dust or dirt. Your spoon is now ready to use.

Tips / Advice:
• Always cut away from your body.
• Have a piece of leather protecting the palm of your hand (if you don’t, you’ll have blisters for sure!).
• Now you’ve carved a spoon try doing something else, e.g. coasters with patterns carved into them; key fob; desk pen holder etc. )

Safety Issues / Risk Assessment:
• Do not use aromatic woods (like cedar for instance) for eating or kitchen utensils.
• Use a vice and keep your hands away from the cutting area.

Taster 2 - Bonfire

Aim: To create a controlled bonfire.


Campfires can be a fun and rewarding way to stay warm, cook food and provide a place for social gathering. Follow these instructions....

1. Decide upon the fire’s location You will need a site that is sheltered, especially during high winds. You will also need to take into account the layout of the rest of the camp. Do not place your fire at the base of trees, stumps or rocks.

2. Gather materials There are 4 basic types of materials and wood that are needed to begin a fire: tinder, kindling, sticks and large pieces of wood.
a. TINDER is any kind of material that will take very little effort to light, e.g. birch bark, dried grasses, fine wood shavings, cotton fluff, bird down, waxed paper, pine needles, pulverized fir cones, and the inner bark from cedar trees.
b. KINDLING is the next step up from tinder, It is the wood that you use to raise the fire from the (short burning) tinder so that eventually you can use larger pieces of fuel. e.g. small thy twigs. Make sure you have a plentiful supply to hand, arranged in different grades’ according to size. The smallest kindling grade should be thinner than a matchstick, working up to the thickness of two or so matches.
c. STICKS will be used to hold your fire structure together and light even larger pieces of wood. Properly aligning sticks will allow oxygen into your fire. Sticks used should be 2-5cm in diameter. It’s important that sticks are dry and never taken from living, upright trees.
d. LARGE PIECES or chunks of wood will be added to the fire last, Chunks should be dry and no more than 1m, in length. Large chunks of wood should always be placed inside the fire ring or pit.

3. Prepare a fireplace that will help control the fire Clear the surrounding area to form a wide circle of bare earth (clear all twigs, leaves etc.) around 2m across. If the ground is too wet to place the fire on directly, build a small platform from a layer of green logs covered with a layer of earth or you could use a layer of stones (Do not use stones from a river bed / bank. They will crack and explode when heated).

4. Put 2 handfuls of tinder into a small pile You can compact the pile into one, softball sized ball. The ball should be placed in the centre of the fire pit or fire ring.

5, Build a tepee Using your small sticks of kindling, build a small tepee around the kindling ball. Align your sticks at a 45-degree angle to the ground, making certain to leave some gaps in the tepee to allow oxygen to circulate inside the tepee.

6. Strike a match and Ignite the tinder If your fire ignites correctly, it should begin burning the kindling first, spread to the tinder within a few moments, and then, as added, ignite the larger pieces of wood, as well.

7. Blow gently around the base of the fire to help get past the kindling stage.

8. Gradually using larger sticks and logs, continue to build the tepee structure However be careful not to introduce the largest pieces too early.

It is often useful to have some dry kindling ready to use.

Tips / Advice:
• To break a large log with an axe, stand behind it with your feet well apart. Swing down and chop away from yourself so that if the axe missed it would not hit you but follow through to the side. Do not chop downwards.
• Place the log on a flat surface, this could be another larger log section.
• If you wish to split a smaller og, lay it against another log. Do not put your foot on it.
• Once the axe is embedded in a small log, you can hit both the log and embedded axe on a larger log to split.
• Do not hold the wood upright in your hand and try to split the wood with an axe.
• Remember that damp wood is sometimes useful. Damp wood will smoke, and the smoke will keep off flies and mosquitoes. Damp wood will also burn longer.
• Don’t forget your marshmallows.

Safety Issues / Risk Assessment:
• A safe campfire should meet all of the following criteria:
-Build on bare rock or sand.
-Locate far away from anything flammable, including overhanging tree branches.
-Do not burn dangerous rubbish like aerosols etc. or use petrol or other flammable liquids.
-Keep small. For example, you can sit within one metre of it comfortably, the flames are not over one metre high and it can be controlled.
-Have a responsible person watching it at all times

• How to extinguish a campfire:
— Drown the fire with water.
— Stir the ashes with a long stick to turn over hot coals and ashes.
— Move rocks to find hidden embers and coals.
— Drown the fire with water again.
— Repeat the procedure until the ashes stop smoking and hissing and everything looks wet.

Taster 3 - Cooking

Aim: To cook a meal on a camp fire

Once the bonfire has died down a bit, you can use the smouldering embers to cook some of the following.
• Corn on the cob:
— Skewer from either end,
— Wrap in silver foil.
— Place on the fire and cook until ready to eat.

• Mushrooms:
— Brush with olive oil.
— Add chopped garlic.
— Wrap in silver foil.
— Place on the fire and cook until ready to eat.

• Marshmallows end chestnuts:
— Pierce with a stick and heat over embers.

• Campfire Potatoes
— Slice potato almost all the way through, but leave enough to hold it together.
— Slice the onion, and put one slice in between each potato slice.
— Sprinkle with bacon bits and a little dill.
— Wrap well with heavy aluminium foil and bury in the coals of the fire.
— Leave untouched for about 45 minutes, and test by piercing with a fork — the fork should lift out without lifting the potato.
— Cooking time depends on size of potatoes and strength of fire.
— Serve with butter and a few sprigs of parsley.

• Doughy dampers:
— Add water to flour until it is thick and doughy.
— Make into a round shape and put in foil.
— Dig out a hole in the fire using a stick and put damper in and cover with ashes.
— After approximately 30 minutes or so, dig out the damper, bang off the ashes.
— Rip apart and eat. Eat with jam or honey.

• Bannock:
— Put 2 — 3 cups flour, 1-2 Tbsp baking powder, 1 tsp salt (optional), 2-3 Tbsp oil, butter or lard in a bowl.
— Mix with your fingers until crumbly.
— Slowly add 2/3 cup warm water and mix until dough feels soft.
— It may seem that you don’t have enough water, but keep working the dough till it holds together. Don’t add more water!
— Take a small handful and wrap around the end of a stick, like a marshmallow. Squish the dough around smooth sticks about 1cm wide. Don’t make them too thick or they’ll burn before the inside is cooked.
— Toast it over the fire for about 10-12 minutes, rotating to cook evenly.
— Eat as it is, or remove the stick and where the hole is, fill with golden syrup, jam or honey.

• Pocket Meal
— Tear off a 30cm sheet of foil and fold it back over your fist, making a “pocket”.
— Roll the sides in a few turns so the pocket is only open at the top, and roll a turn or two up from the bottom for extra strength. If your foil is thin, you may need two layers.
— Start by lining the bottom of the pocket with thin slices of lemon. This helps keep the food contents from burning, and adds flavour,
— Chop potatoes and carrots (small enough to cook all the way without overcooking everything else), tomatoes, mushrooms, peppers, onions, green beans, etc. and stuff the pockets.
— Add garlic, salt and pepper, olive oil, and a dash of cayenne.
— Add 114 cup or water, fold the top edges of the pocket closed and set directly into the hot coals.
— Cook for 20 to 40 minutes, depending on how thick everything’s cut.

Tips / Advice:
Cooking on a camp fire is not an exact science so experiment with flavours and quantities to get it just right.

Safety Issues / Risk Assessment:
• Be careful around a camp fire. Never lift food off without using an implement.
• Ensure food is properly cooked before eating.
• Follow best practice in food preparation.

Christian Faith - Slum Survivor

Aim: To spend a few days like a billion people around the world spend a lifetime.

Slum Survivor is a challenge to spend a few days the way a billion spend a lifetime. This activity involves building your own temporary settlement outside (or inside) your church and living there for a weekend, eating a limited diet and undertaking real life challenges. Through doing this you can raise money and awareness for Soul Action projects that work in some of the poorest communities in the world. The idea is that for a short time the reality of the worlds poor is our reality, and through this experience money is raised for change and we are changed in the process.

The Reality
Around 1 billion people — that’s about one sixth of the world’s population — live in slums. life in townships, shanty towns and temporary settlements across the world is hard. Often situated on the outskirts of cities throughout the majority world, these slums are populated by people and families who’ve travelled to urban centres to find work ... often unsuccessfully. The everyday normality of life in the UK is alien to the world’s temporary settlements. Running water, electricity, employment, schools and other basic services are rarely present. The cramped conditions mean disease and crime are usually rife. Just as bad is the ‘temporary’ nature of slums. They are often not officially sanctioned government communities and thus ignored on maps and in council policy. The threat of bulldozers tearing down slum settlements is always present.

And out a bit more about Slum Survivor by viewing the promo video at www.soulaction.org/slumsurvivor/movie.html.

The Challenge
The idea is that over a weekend, you should take part in a Slum Survivor challenge, gain sponsorship, spend time in prayer, worship and reflection and potentially take over a Sunday morning church service to focus on issues of worldwide poverty.

People who are involved in the Sum Survivor event as Slum Dwellers will undergo challenges that mirror and draw out what life in a slum is like. You can get an idea of the challenges by downloading a pack from www.soulaction.org/slumsurvivor/pack.html

There are also a few more challenges, studies and ideas free to download from www.soulaction.org/slumsurvivor/resources.html. Slum rupees’ are a form of money that you can make yourself and give to Slum Dwellers or families who either manage to sell products they make, or win in challenges. Rupees can then be exchanged by Slum Dwellers with the Slum Survivor organisers for more food/treats. However, you might want to make certain meals dependent on how many rupees a family/team or slum dweller has earned. The fewer the rupees the less food they can afford.

All the money raised through sponsorship would go to Soul Action and the projects they support that work in poor communities in South Africa, Zimbabwe and around the world (see some of those projects on the website).

The Rules
These are the suggested rules that all involved in the Slum Survivor challenge should accept as part of their weekend. They are quite tough, but that’s the point! Feel free to adapt them to suit the needs of your group though!

Rule 1: During Slum Survivor you can only sleep in the slum house you’ve built.

Rule 2: You’ll be able to eat two tasty meals a day — of rice and dhal. During Slum Survivor you can’t eat any other food, unless you win it as a prize in one of the challenges you’ll face.

Rule 3: During Slum Survivor, all the water you need for drinking, cooking and washing can only be collected from one tap. You’ll be allowed to wash in a private shower space, but you can’t use running water from the shower — it’s bucket baths only for Slum Dwellers!

Rule 4: If anyone visits your slum house, you must offer hospitality in the form of food and drink (the guest may refuse to eat, but you can’t tell them that, and a drink must be provided for them anyway).

Rule 5: You must be present at the slum on time to participate in each challenge. You may not leave the slum during Slum Survivor unless required to participate in a challenge, or in an emergency.

Rule 6: You’ll be limited on the items you can bring into your slum house. Here’s what you can bring (if it’s not on this list, you can’t bring it):

Only one complete set of clothes:
Shoes, socks, shorts or jeans/trousers, t-shirt or shirt, jumper, coat, hat or cap and as many pairs of undies as you want.

One set of cutlery and crockery, a cup, bowl or plate, fork and spoon, toothbrush and toothpaste, a bar of soap, towel, sleeping bag, sunscreen and sunglasses (if you’re doing this in summer), feminine hygiene as required, prescription medication as required, a Bible, a notepad and a pen.

Here’s just a sample of what you can’t bring:
No other toiletries, makeup, hairbrushes, combs or deodorant. No pillows, blankets, pyjamas or teddy-bears. No mobile phones, MP3 players, discmans, laptops, TVs. No books, newspapers, or magazines, or anything else in the world at all!

Rule 7: If anyone breaks any of these rules then their family will be subject to further limitations on food or other privileges.

Tips / Advice:
• If you are totally on your own and no-one else fancies it, why not try the Slum Survivor on your own challenge? Get sponsored for living for a weekend, five days, a whole week or however long you want to live on just a pound a day. 3 billion people live on just $2 a day, which roughly equates to one English pound. Doing Slum Survivor on your own therefore asks you to limit yourself to spending just a pound a day on food, drink, going out and any other luxuries (obviously you’ll be living in your home so don’t include the cost of rent, council tax and bills.., otherwise you’d be evicted!). You may also want to exclude some activities like watching TV, surfing online and listening to music as part of your challenge.

• Remember to get sponsored, get parental permission, contact the local press to let them know about your Slum Survivor, and register your event at www.soulaction.org.

Safety Issues / Risk Assessment:
It is important that all BB regulations for overnight stays and expeditions are abided by.

Project - I'm a Celebrity Get Me Out Of Here

Aim: To survive for 24 hours with no outside support.

Project Description:
I’m a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here! is a reality television show in which celebrities live in jungle conditions with few creature comforts and have to earn human essentials.

• Each member of the team should take one of the following areas and skill up prior to the event in order to teach other members of the group:
— Map work
— First Aid
— Camp craft

• Ask someone not on the trip (e.g. a leader) to devise a scenario, e.g. you have crash landed your plane and need to get to a certain point by a set time to get rescued. Include a suitable location to setup camp overnight.

• Use the skills you have learnt through the taster activities to set up a camp. Try and make it as homely as you can.

• Devise some of your own bush tucker trials, e.g. eat a can of baked beans using a cocktail stick in 60 seconds.

Tips / Advice:
• You might need to buy some books and resources to assist you in your research.
• You could fly bivouacking.
• Remember to create a camp fire, do some wood carving, and use your imagination to create a seated area.

Safety Issues / Risk Assessment:
It is important that all BB regulations for overnight stays and expeditions are abided by.

For full details see the BB Seniors Challenge Plus Pro Pack, Recreation project R-7


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