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E1 Badminton

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Description

Aim: to introduce young people to the game of badminton. Taken from the BB Company Section Discoverer Pro Pack, Recreation, Sports and Games E1

Resources

Activity 1
• Racquet
• Shuttlecocks
• Net
Equipment may be available to hire or provided if you go to a sports centre to play the game.

Activity 2 & 6
• Racquets
• Shuttlecocks

Activity 3 & 4
• Racquets
• Shuttlecocks
• Badminton court and net

Activity 5
• Racquets
• Shuttlecocks
• Badminton court and net
• 5 Shuttlecock Tubes

Instructions

Activity 1 - The Rules

Aim: To learn the rules of badminton.

Instructions:
1. Badminton can be played by singles and doubles.
2. Matches are usually played to the best of three sets.
3. The game is played up to 21 points.
4. If the score reaches 20-20, the winner is the player or team with a two-point advantage.
5. In badminton the serve is of huge importance.
6. Traditionally, points used to be only won on serve. But this has been scrapped under the new changes, so a player or team can win the point without holding serve. In singles; players serve diagonally from one service box to another, alternating between the left and right side of the court as points are won.
7. The server always serves from the right-hand box at the start of a game and when they have an even number of points. They serve from the left-hand court when they have an odd number of points.
8. In doubles, the player on the right always starts the serve and, when a point is won, the players switch sides and the server then serves from the left, continuing to alternate until a serve is lost. Second service in doubles has been scrapped.
9. For service, the shuttlecock must be hit below the server’s waist and the racket head must stay below the server’s wrist, which means the shot must be played underarm.
10. The shape of the badminton court changes depending on whether you are playing singles or doubles. In singles the area in which the server must aim is the furthest base line and the narrow singles line, this is often described as “long & thin”. See the diagram below.
11. In doubles the area in which the server must aim is the nearest base line and the widest doubles line, this is often described as short & fat”. See the diagram below:
Badminton is played indoors, on courts 6.lm wide by 13.4m long.
The net posts are 1.55m high.
Courts should have a clearance of 2m on all sides and a ceiling height of 12m.

12. Get the group to practise their serves, telling them as they are about to serve whether they are pretending to play singles or doubles. Ask them if their serve is “in” or ‘out” and inform them if they are incorrect.

Safety Issues / Risk Assessments:
Make sure that there is adequate supervision for the number of young people, to both help them with their technique and skills whilst also watching the rest.

Activity 2 - The Service

Aim: To practise the serve.

Instructions:
Ask the group where they are allowed to serve in singles and doubles? Tell the group that this week they are going to look at service techniques.

In badminton there are two main types of serve. The forehand high serve and the backhand short serve.

Forehand High Serve:
• This serve is mainly used during singles to move your opponent as far back in court as possible, thus opening up his court.

• Get the group to stand in a line with enough space for them to practise a shot. Instruct the group on how to do this serve:
1. This shot is played with a forehand underarm action.
2. Stand inside the service box behind the short service line.
3. Relax your body and bend your knees slightly.
4. Lead with your non-racquet leg (the leg on the side of the body that you do not hold the racquet) and place your racket leg behind.
5. Bring your racquet back to almost your shoulder level then swing it forward following the rhythm of the stroke.
6. Hold the shuttle by the leathers out in front of you and to the side, and let it drop slightly in front of you.
7. Move the racquet in a semi-circle action and hit through the shuttle with the flat face of your racket Follow through until your racquet reaches the non-racket side of your head.
8. Aim to get the shuttle as high and deep as possible. If it goes too short it might leave you exposed to an easy smash.
9. Get the group to demonstrate their actions and then let them practise on the court. Go around and check their techniques.

Backhand Low Serve:
• This serve is mainly used during doubles.

• Get the group to stand in a line with enough space for them to practise a shot. Instruct the group on how to do this serve:
1. Stand in a comfortable and balanced position with your racquet hand in front of you in a backhand grip.
2. Lead with your racquet leg and place your non-racquet leg behind with your feet pointing towards your opponent.
3. Carry out a short back swing then bring the racquet forward. a 4. Hold The shuttle on the tip of the feathers in front of your waist level.
5. Push the shuttle with the racquet face and try to make the shuttle skim the tape of the net.
6. You can try to shorten the grip for a better control of the racquet.
7. Beware of breaking the Service Rules.
8. Keep an eye on your opponent just in case they try and rush the serve, in which case you might c be able to catch them out with a longer serve.
9. Get the group to demonstrate their actions and then let them practise on the court. Go around and check their techniques.

• Go through the following drill to test their serve:
1. Balance four shuttlecocks on The top of the net on the side that you are going to serve to.
2. Give each player five serves to knock them all off. U)
3. The player who gets the most off wins.

Safety Issues / Risk Assessments:
Make sure that there is adequate supervision for the number of young people, to both help them with their technique and skills whilst also watching the rest.

Activity - Moving Around The Court

Aim: To practise movement on the court.

Instructions:

Footwork:
• Tell the group that badminton is a quick game and before you can play the basic shots you need to learn how to move quickly around the court.
1. Stand at a point that is equidistant from the baseline and the net.
2. Spread your feet approximately shoulder-width apart and lean slightly forward, placing your weight on the balls of your feet.
3. Bend your knees slightly.
4. Hold your hands slightly higher than your waist, with your racquet hand up and ready.
5. You may hold the racket along the centre line of your body, or on the side of your racquet hand, whichever feels more comfortable.
6. Keep your eyes on the shuttlecock at all times.
7. After you have played a shot return quickly to your ready position.

• To practise quick footwork go through the following drills:
1. Place a shuttle in the corner of the court. The players should pick it up, run to the centre and then run to the next corner and put it down. Repeat this around the court. The shuttles should not be thrown, but placed standing on the feathers. By doing this the player needs to be balanced when stepping into the corner.
2. Call one player onto the court at a time. Stand on the other side of the net and instruct the player to start in the ready position. Hit some shuttlecocks over the net to the player. Instruct them to return them and quickly go back to the ready position. Continue the rally in the same manner.

Tips / Advice:
• Watch your opponent’s ready position to determine his weakness and lapses of attention, such as holding his racquet lower than his waist.
• You may need to adjust your ready position according to your personal strengths and weaknesses.
• Once you have demonstrated the drill ask for volunteers to run the exercise on as many courts as you have. This will allow you to continue coaching.

Safety Issues / Risk Assessments:
Make sure that there is adequate supervision for the number of young people, to both help them with their technique and skills whilst also watching the rest.

Activity 4 - Basic Shots

Aim: To practise the basic forehand and backhand shots.

Instructions:
Get the group to stand in a line with enough space for them to practise the following shots. Instruct the group on how to play them:

Forehand:
1. Recognize that the shuttle is coming in low and in front of you. r u 2. Drop the racquet head down and behind you, cocking your wrist so that the racquet extends out behind you.
3. Lunge forward with your racquet foot.
4. Swing with an almost straight arm, keeping your wrist cocked.
5. Snap your wrist at the last possible moment before contact with the shuttle.
6. Strike the shuttle with an open racquet face and an upward swing.
7. Follow through all the way to your opposite shoulder for clear shots, and use very little follow-through for the deceptive drop shot.
8. Recover to your ready position quickly.
9. Get the young people to demonstrate it without a shuttlecock and then in pairs to practise it.

Backhand:
Get the group to stand in a line with enough space for them to practise the shot. Instruct the group on how to play it:
1. For the backhand start with one person standing just in front of the player throwing shuttles up onto the backhand side. I!
2. The player should face the feeder and when a shuttle is thrown they should step out using two steps (non-racquet leg first) and try to hit the shuttle.
3. Get the group to play the shot without a shuttlecock.
4. Then start by throwing the shuttles to the player from close up. Put on a little more pressure by throwing deeper into the backhand court.

King of the Court:
To practise these shots go through the following drill called ‘King of the Court”. This game is useful with lot of players.
1. It is played with the normal rules and regulations, but whoever reaches 3 points first wins.
2. The winner will stay in the court as king while a new challenger will come onto the court.
3. The king will stay on until he loses.
4. The winner of that duel will then switch to the other side of the court becoming king.

Tips / Advice:
• Use less wrist action on a drop shot and more on a clear shot. Both shots should look the same until the last moment.
• Don’t focus on power, just on getting the footwork and hitting action into one “movement”. The right foot should hit the ground at the same time as the shuttle is hit.
• Once you have demonstrated the drill ask for volunteers to run the exercise on as many courts as you have. This will allow you to continue coaching.

Safety Issues / Risk Assessments:
Make sure that there is adequate supervision for the number of young people, to both help Them with their technique and skills whilst also watching the rest.

Activity 5 - Smash Shot

Aim: To practise the basic forehand and backhand shots.

Instructions:
Get the group to stand in a line with enough space for them to practise the following shot. Instruct The group on how to play it;

Smash:
The smash is the most powerful offensive shot in badminton. Fire the shuttlecock with all the force you can muster, so that it hits the floor before your opponent can reach it. Get the group to stand in a line with enough space for them to practise the shot. Instruct the group on how to play it;

1. Get into position behind and beneath the shuttle.
2. Point your non-racquet shoulder toward your opponent and shift your weight onto your back (racquet) foot.
3. Hold both arms up. Hold your non-racquet arm out in front of you for balance, and your racquet arm up behind you with your elbow bent 90 degrees and your wrist cocked. The racquet head should be behind your shoulders.
4. Begin your swing from your shoulder while opening your torso towards your opponent.
5. Reach up for the shuttle, jumping off your back leg and transferring your weight to your forward foot.
6. Strike the shuttle as high as you can reach it with a straight arm, while it is still out in front of you.
7. Snap your wrist, as you contact the shuttle at least one metre above the net level and in front of your body.
8. Hit the shuttle with a closed racquet face.
9. Follow through, keeping your arm high, while your wrist snaps completely through the shuttle.
10. Swing your arm down and through the shot.
11. Get the young people to demonstrate it without a shuttlecock and then in pairs to practise it.

Smash Shuttle:
This badminton dill is meant to improve your speed and accuracy in executing the smash. The more shuttles you have, the better for this routine.
1. The feeder plays the shuttles into different areas of the backcourt.
2. Instruct the player to practise the smash shot to return the shuttlecock.
3. Return to your base position after each shot.
4. Continue feeding the player the shuttles.

5 Pin Smash:
This badminton drill is meant to improve your skill and accuracy in executing the smash. This is the badminton version of ten pin bowling:
1. Line up 5 empty shuttlecock tubes on the other side of the net in a row.
2. Set up the player with a smash opportunity and get them to aim at the empty tubes in order to knock them over.
3. Each player should get 5 opportunities, and the winner is the one who knocks down the most tubes.

Tips / Advice:
• When first learning the smash shot, only do it from the front half of the court.
• Use the extension of your arm and a powerful wrist snap to generate the power in this shot.
• Why not teach the group the attacking and defensive clears?

Safety Issues / Risk Assessments:
Make sure that there is adequate supervision for the number of young people, to both help them with their technique and skills whilst also watching the rest.

Activity 6 - A Game

Aim: To play a game of badminton.

Instructions:
Play a game of badminton using the rules taught in the first activity. Feel free to adapt the length of games depending on the number of young people, courts and time you have available.

Tips / Advice:
Why not arrange a tournament?

Safety Issues / Risk Assessments:
Make sure that there is adequate supervision for the number of young people, to both help them with their technique and skills whilst also watching the rest.

For full details and diagrams see the BB Company Section Discoverer Pro Pack, Recreation, Sports and Games E1

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