Aim: This is to introduce the young people to the importance of Fairtrade. Taken from the BB Company Section Discoverer Pro Pack, Community Christian Faith H3
• A dice
• Divine or Dubble bar
• A bar each of various types of milk chocolate, e.g. Cadburys, Galaxy, Yorkie, supermarket brands, Fairtrade choctlate (e.g. Dubble and Divine)
• Try to have 6-8 samples
• You will also need labels with A, B, C etc. on the outer side (folded) and the names of the chocolate on the inner side — or hidden in some other way to be revealed later
• Napkins to lay the broken pieces of chocolate on the tables
• Make a chart on a piece of paper for each person to fill in their answers
• Pens or pencils
• You can either compile the info on an A4 sheet and hand it to each member of the group or write up the information on a chart, board, computer at the front of The room.
• A bunch of bananas marked £1
• Large cards marked with the relative share of the price of bananas for each group, for regular and Fairtrade bananas (see below)
• Globingo Cards. An example of the Globingo Card is shown below and leaders should feel free to make up their own.
Activity 1 - Chocolate Challenge Quiz
Aim: To learn more about the chocolate trade.
• This quiz is a variation on an old party game.
• Split the group into teams of three or four.
• Get each team to take it in turns to throw the dice once.
• If a team throws a six, ask them a question from the list below.
• If they answer correctly, one team member gets to put on the hat, gloves and scarf and tries to eat the chocolate with the knife and fork!
• They can carry on eating the chocolate until another team throws a six and answers a question correctly.
• If a team gets a wrong answer, the question is passed to the next team (and the next team).
1. From what plant do we get chocolate? (The alternatives sound similar — write them out to show to the teams)
a) cocoa tree
b) cacao tree ***
c) cocoa plant
2. What proportion of cocoa is grown by small-scale Third World farmers?
c) 90% ***
3. In the past 15 years the price of cocoa on the world market has..
b) halved ***
c) stayed the same
4. Selling chocolate is more profitable than selling cocoa. Why don’t poor countries export chocolate instead of cocoa?
a) It would melt in the heat
b) Rich governments charge more Import tax on chocolate than on cocoa beans. ***
C) The technology is too expensive
5. What is the best-selling chocolate bar in the UK?
6. Which three confectionery companies account for 70 per cent of UK chocolate sales?
Mars, Cadburys, Nestle-Rowntree
7. How much money was spent on Fairtrade chocolate in the UK since 2000?
a) £0.6 million
b) £2.2 million
c) £3.6 million ***
8. How many Third World farmers have benefited from people in the UK buying Fairtrade products?
a) 12, 000
b) 120,000 ***
c) 1.2 million
*** = Correct answer
Tips / Advice:
Keep an eye on the groups to make sure they’re not cheating!
Safety Issues / Risk Assessment:
Remember, there’s a knife involved which has the potential for injury.
Activity 2 - Fairtrade Chocolate Taste Test Challenge
Aim: To Illustrate that Fairtrade chocolate can be Just as yummy as chocolate In the supermarkets.
• Ask the group to form a line and hand each person a chart and a pen.
• In tum, ask the group, one by one, to taste each of the pieces of chocolate and write in their charts which brand They think the chocolate is.
• Get them to rate the taste of the chocolate out of ten.
• When they’re all seated again, compile the group’s answers in a tally chart on a flipchart.
• Then reveal one by one what each chocolate is, making the point that you can’t actually tell the difference between the well-known brands and fairtrade chocolate and that Fainrade chocolate is extremely yummy.
Tips / Advice:
Be aware that the results may not be what you expect or want them to be, so be creative in the point you are making.
Safety Issues / Risk Assessment:
• Make sure that none of the young people are allergic to the ingredients in chocolate.
• If you feel it is necessary, you could also notify parents of the activity the week prior to doing it to make sure that they are happy with their young people eating chocolate.
Activity 3 - Chocolate Uncovered
Aim: To find out what the ingredients are In chocolate, where these Ingredients come from, and who gets the money we pay for It.
• Before locking at the information below, lead the group — either as a whole or in smaller groups of 3 or 4 — in a discussion about whether they’ve ever thought about where chocolate comes from, who grows the cocoa beans and who makes the chocolate.
• You could then ask them who they think gets the most money and what they think are the most important ingredients in chocolate.
• After the discussion, hand out the sheets of paper with the following information/present it from the front:
— Milk chocolate is the most popular type or chocolate in the UK. A bar is made up as follows: COCOA MASS — 10%, COCOA BUTTER — 14%, MILK — 25%, SUGAR — 45% and VEGETABLE FAT - 5%.
— Other ingredients include vanilla, emulsifier and flavours, and the bars sometimes contain extras, like nuts, raisins or puffed rice.
— Without the sugar, the chocolate would taste bitter and milk gives the chocolate a creamy taste and texture.
— However, the cocoa solids give the chocolate its rich flavour. Without cocoa beans and cocoa farmers, chocolate would not exist! The cocoa beans are roasted and ground to produce the three main products of the cocoa bean: COCOA LIQUOR which gives flavour to the chocolate, COCOA MASS, which is often used for making cocoa powder & hot chocolate and COCOA BUTTER which is the most expensive ingredient in chocolate. It has the special property of melting just below body temperature, and so it melts in the mouth.
— White chocolate contains only cocoa butter, sugar and milk.
— The best plain chocolate can contain up to 70% cocoa solids. This is the favourite type of chocolate in continental Europe. It is made by mixing the cocoa paste with cocoa butter and sugar.
— Most of the cocoa in British chocolate comes from West Africa, particularly Ghana and Cote D’lvoire. The other ingredients come from the UK or Europe. The most expensive ingredients in chocolate are COCOA BUTTER — 30%, MILK — 30%, SUGAR — 17%, COCOA MASS — 14% and VEGETABLE FAT — 9%. But only 10% of the price you pay goes on the ingredients (the rest is spent on production, packaging, advertising, profits, the shop’s costs and tax).
— Only 50% of secondary school children know that the cocoa in their chocolate bars comes from Africa according to a Comic Relief survey.
• Do the young people think this is fair?
• Get the young people to come us with some follow up action points. Below is list of ideas:
— Individually, encourage your parents and friends to buy Fairtrade products including chocolate, tea, coffee, fruit, chewy, bars and even footballs.
— Why not fair-trade the SB tuck-shop? Instead of buying and selling Cadburys chocolate, go for yummy Dubble’ bars and instead of selling Tango, sell Fairtrade fresh orange juice. Fair-trade even produce fruity snacks that are much healthier than sweets.
Activity 4 - Banana Game
Aim: To illustrate the process of benefits of Fairtrade.
• Divide the group into five smaller groups of equal numbers and name each group — supermarket, importing company, exporting company, farm owner, workers/growers.
• Hold up a large bunch of bananas and explain that they cost £1 in the supermarket.
• Ask each group to decide how much of the £1 they should have.
• They will need to consider what costs they might have.
• Allow five minutes for discussion, and then get each group to present its case.
• The total should come to £1. If it is more than this, give the groups time to haggle with each other and try to reach agreement.
• Then reveal the actual cost of bananas bought in the supermarket. These costs should be written up or presented to the group:
— Workers/growers 3p
— Farm owner l2p
— Exporting company 35p
— Importing company lop
— Supermarket 40p
• How do the workers/growers feel?
• Put this again into more personal terms. How would you feel if you were a farmer in this country and the people in the developing world could afford to pay a little more for your produce but choose not to?
• Could there be a fairer division?
• Compare the division with that of Fairtrade Bananas:
— Workers/growers 15p
— Farm owner 15p
— Exporting company 22p
— Importing company 10p
— Supermarket 40p
• What do the young people notice about the cuts and the final price?
• Should we be prepared to pay more for a Fairtrade Banana?
Activity 5 - Globingo
Aim: To see what the young people have learned about Fairtrade.
• 6 of the young people will be the Fairtrade countries who are placed around the hail with signs stating their country.
• The contestants will be each given a Globingo Card with a table of questions.
• When the leader begins the game, the young people with the cards must run around the hall obtaining signatures from the “countries in a box which they are able to sign.
• The first young person back with all the boxes signed shouts GLOBINGO!
Tips / Advice:
You might want to specify that you get a different signature in each box. The statements in the boxes can be changed to make the game easier/harder.
For full details and the grid see the BB Company Section Discoverer Pro Pack, Community Christian Faith H3